**Rate of Change**

By the end of this course, students will:

1. Demonstrate an understanding of rate of change by making connections between average rate of change over an interval and instantaneous rate of change at a point, using the slopes of secants and tangents and the concept of the limit.

2. Graph the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, and exponential functions, and make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of a function and its derivative.

3. Verify graphically and algebraically the rules for determining derivatives; apply these rules to determine the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions, and simple combinations of functions; and solve related problems.

**Derivatives and Their Applications**

By the end of this course, students will:

1. Make connections, graphically and algebraically, between the key features of a function and its first and second derivatives and use the connections in curve sketching.

2. Solve problems, including optimization problems, that require the use of the concepts and procedures associated with the derivative, including problems arising from real-world applications and involving the development of mathematical models.

**Geometry and Algebra of Vectors**

By the end of this course, students will:

1. Demonstrate an understanding of vectors in two-space and three-space by representing them algebraically and geometrically and by recognizing their applications.

2. Perform operations on vectors in two-space and three-space and use the properties of these operations to solve problems, including those arising from real-world applications.

3. Distinguish between the geometric representations of a single linear equation or a system of two linear equations in two-space and three-space and determine different geometric configurations of lines and planes in three-space.

4. Represent lines and planes using scalar, vector, and parametric equations, and solve problems involving distances and intersections.