**Characteristics of Functions**

By the end of this course the student will:

1. Demonstrate an understanding of functions, their representations, and their inverses, and make connections between the algebraic and graphical representations of functions using transformations.

2. Determine the zeros and the maximum or minimum of a quadratic function, and solve problems involving quadratic functions, including problems arising from real-world applications.

3. Demonstrate an understanding of equivalence as it relates to simplifying polynomial, radical, and rational expressions.

**Exponential Functions**

By the end of this course the student will:

1. Evaluate powers with rational exponents, simplify expressions containing exponents, and describe properties of exponential functions represented in a variety of ways.

2. Make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of exponential functions.

3. Identify and represent exponential functions, and solve problems involving exponential functions, including problems arising from real-world applications.

**Discrete Functions**

By the end of this course the student will:

1. Demonstrate an understanding of recursive sequences, represent recursive sequences in a variety of ways, and make connections to pascalâ€™s triangle.

2. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships involved in arithmetic and geometric sequences and series and solve related problems.

3. Make connections between sequences, series, and financial applications, and solve problems involving compound interest and ordinary annuities.

**Trigonometric Functions**

By the end of this course the student will:

1. Determine the values of the trigonometric ratios for angles less than 360Âº; prove simple trigonometric identities; and solve problems using the primary trigonometric ratios, the sine law, and the cosine law.

2. Demonstrate an understanding of periodic relationships and sinusoidal functions, and make connections between the numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations of sinusoidal functions.

3. Identify and represent sinusoidal functions, and solve problems involving sinusoidal functions, including problems arising from real-world applications.